Alternatives to lead-acid and lithium batteries are gaining market share because they provide the growing number of energy storage reliant systems with new opportunities to reduce costs, increase performance, and improve environmental sustainability. These emerging battery chemistries offer advantages like high power and energy density, improved safety and reliability, better recyclability, smaller carbon and water use footprint, and lower toxicity. However, many operators may not understand which collection of alternative benefits to select for their systems.

Diverse and expanding choices of battery chemistries also enable commercial markets to avoid the limitations of a traditional or single new battery chemistry. Instead, users can incorporate multiple battery types into their applications to support the requirements that each chemistry is best suited to address. Control algorithms can switch between battery types, based on dynamic and evolving requirements, to simultaneously improve both system performance and operating costs without the need to sacrifice one benefit for another.